LibriVox recording of Concerning the Spiritual in Art by Wassily Kandinsky. it effectively amounts to saying "everything and anything that is good and virtuous is necessarily spiritual"). "[85] Guru Nanak described living an "active, creative, and practical life" of "truthfulness, fidelity, self-control and purity" as being higher than a purely contemplative life. [21] The New Testament offers the concept of being driven by the Holy Spirit, as opposed to living a life in which one rejects this influence. [103]:22 These are aspects of life and human experience which go beyond a purely materialist view of the world without necessarily accepting belief in a supernatural reality or any divine being. [30] It has been influential on modernist streams in several Asian religions, notably Neo-Vedanta, the revival of Theravada Buddhism, and Buddhist modernism, which have taken over modern western notions of personal experience and universalism and integrated them in their religious concepts. Kabbalah (literally "receiving"), is an esoteric method, discipline and school of thought of Judaism. Nevertheless, many humanists (e.g. [80], Different schools of Hinduism encourage different spiritual practices. Socially it denoted the territory of the clergy: "The ecclesiastical against the temporary possessions, the ecclesiastical against the secular authority, the clerical class against the secular class"[23][note 4] Psychologically, it denoted the realm of the inner life: "The purity of motives, affections, intentions, inner dispositions, the psychology of the spiritual life, the analysis of the feelings". [97] Despite the rapid social, economic and political changes of the last century, traditional religion remains the essential background for many African people. English (1998) The neuropsychological basis of religions, or Why God won't go away. D'Aquili, E.G., & Newberg, A.B. An important influence on western spirituality was Neo-Vedanta, also called neo-Hinduism[34] and Hindu Universalism,[web 7] a modern interpretation of Hinduism which developed in response to western colonialism and orientalism. He was a major figure in modern art and painted some of the first modern abstract works. It focuses on the lived experience of spirituality over historical dogmatic claims, and accepts that the faith is both true and a human construction, and that spiritual experiences are psychologically and neurally real and useful. [web 3], There is no single, widely agreed-upon definition of spirituality. …Geistige in der Kunst (1912; Concerning the Spiritual in Art). Bertrand Russell, Jean-Paul Sartre) who clearly value the non-material, communal and virtuous aspects of life reject this usage of the term "spirituality" as being overly-broad (i.e. The term spiritual has frequently become used in contexts in which the term religious was formerly employed. Brooke has proposed that the currently held popular notion of antagonisms between science and religion[129][130] has historically originated with "thinkers with a social or political axe to grind" rather than with the natural philosophers themselves. See the following two in Ewert Cousins series on World Spirituality: Gavin Flood, Brill's Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Editor: Knut Jacobsen (2010), Volume II, Brill. Novi Eboraci: Dover Publications Inc. ISBN 0-486-23411-8. [web 1], The term "spiritual", matters "concerning the spirit", is derived from Old French spirituel (12c. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. [55], Classical Sufi scholars have defined Sufism as "a science whose objective is the reparation of the heart and turning it away from all else but God". ‎According to Wikipedia: "Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (16 December [O.S. [177][178], Considerable debate persists about — among other factors — spirituality's relation to religion, the number and content of its dimensions, its relation to concepts of well-being, and its universality. Psilocybin can occasion mystical type experiences having substantial and sustained personal meaning and spiritual significance Psychopharmacology, 187:268–83. The Transcendentalists emphasised an intuitive, experiential approach of religion. In this remarkable book, anticipating “the spiritual turning-point” Kandinsky reflects on his understanding of progress in this direction. Somatic practices, especially deprivation and diminishment. Suchart,capableoffurtherevolution,sprangfromitsspiritualperiod, while, at the same time, itis notmerely its echo or mirror, but contains a wakening to propheticpower,whichcanhave a deep and far-reaching [56] Alternatively, in the words of the Darqawi Sufi teacher Ahmad ibn Ajiba, "a science through which one can know how to travel into the presence of the Divine, purify one's inner self from filth, and beautify it with a variety of praiseworthy traits".[57]. [70] Bhakti marga is a path of faith and devotion to deity or deities; the spiritual practice often includes chanting, singing and music – such as in kirtans – in front of idols, or images of one or more deity, or a devotional symbol of the holy. Similarly, Aristotle – one of the first known Western thinkers to demonstrate that morality, virtue and goodness can be derived without appealing to supernatural forces – argued that "men create Gods in their own image" (not the other way around). Necini, P., & Grant, K.A. Buddhist practices are known as Bhavana, which literally means "development" or "cultivating"[58] or "producing"[59][60] in the sense of "calling into existence. [7] In modern times, the term both spread to other religious traditions[8] and broadened to refer to a wider range of experience, including a range of esoteric traditions and religious traditions. "[note 2] Houtman and Aupers suggest that modern spirituality is a blend of humanistic psychology, mystical and esoteric traditions, and Eastern religions. It has often been connected to mystical theology, especially in the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox traditions. Concerning the Spiritual in Art by Wassily Kandinsky. Sy bydrae in Die Blou Ruiter Almanak en die verhandeling "On The Spiritual Art" (wat in 1910 gepubliseer is) was albei 'n verdediging en bevordering van abstrakte kuns. Diminishment concerns the repulsement of ego-oriented impulses. Giniger, Kenneth Seeman & Templeton, John. The point of the pyramid is those few, great artists. It is impossible for us to live and feel, as did the ancient Greeks.” ― Wassily Kandinsky, Concerning the Spiritual in Art Skip to main content. [74][75] This state of samādhi has been compared to peak experience. W. Bhavasar and Kiem, Spirituality and Health, in Hindu Spirituality, Editor: Ewert Cousins (1989). [102] It envisions an inner path enabling a person to discover the essence of his/her being. Substance Use & Misuse, 45(13), 2130–51. Love and/or compassion are often[quantify] described[by whom?] Gavin Flood (1996), An Introduction to Hinduism, Cambridge University Press. [169][170][171][172] Moreover, experimenters have also successfully induced spiritual experiences in individuals by administering psychoactive agents known to elicit euphoria and perceptual distortions. Author: Kandinsky, Wassily, 1866-1944: Translator: Sadleir, Michael, 1888-1957: Uniform Title: Über das Geistige in der Kunst. [180], For the belief in being able to contact the dead, see, Three of four paths of spirituality in Hinduism, Development of the meaning of spirituality, Classical, medieval and early modern periods, Transcendentalism and Unitarian Universalism, Theosophy, anthroposophy, and the perennial philosophy, Spiritual care in health care professions. ", sfn error: no target: CITEREFMcCarroll2005 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFKoenig2012 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFGorsuch1999 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSaucier2006 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFHoutman2007 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSnyder2007 (. Nuh Ha Mim Keller, "How would you respond to the claim that Sufism is Bid'a? In the second part, "About Painting," Kandinsky discusses the psychology of colors, the language of form and color, and the responsibilities of the artist. When used on its own bhavana signifies 'spiritual cultivation' generally. Concerning The Spiritual In Art (1911) A pioneering work in the movement to free art from its traditional bonds to material reality, this book is one of the most important documents in the history of modern art. Rochford, E.B. [165][need quotation to verify][166][page needed] Puchalski et al. A pioneering work in the movement to free art from its traditional bonds to material reality, this book is one of the most important documents in the history of modern art. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. [89] Nanak talks further about the one God or akal (timelessness) that permeates all life[90]). Affect theory and religious experience. That these Hindu spiritual practices is iemand die 'overvloediger EN dieper dan de anderen ' christen ''... Mixed '' results produces an Art of spiritual Harmony 13th century `` spirituality in... 81 ] the Transcendentalists emphasised an intuitive, experiential approach of religion, of whom William James popularized the of! 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